What are the Indices of Deprivation?
The English Indices of Deprivation are the Government's official measure of multiple deprivation, published by the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG). The most recent, the Index of Deprivation 2015, published October 2015, updates previous versions published in 2010, 2007, 2004 and 2000.
They attempt to measure a broad concept of 'multiple deprivation' using a basket of indicators across 7 'domains' of deprivation. These domains are:
- Income Deprivation
- Employment Deprivation
- Education, Skills and Training Deprivation
- Health Deprivation and Disability
- Barriers to Housing and Services
- Living Environment Deprivation
They are then combined, using appropriate weights, to calculate an overall measure of 'multiple deprivation'. The results are published at local authority and Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) level. There are 186 LSOAs in Sandwell, each containing around 1,500 people. Each LSOA is given a score for each domain. This is then used to rank all 32,844 LSOAs in England, with the most deprived being ranked as 1. It is a relative measure, placing areas in a position relative to each other.
In addition, there are two indices relating specifically to children and older people:
- Index of Deprivation Affecting Children Indicator (IDACI)
- Index of Deprivation Affecting Older People (IDAOPI)