What are the Indices of Deprivation?
The English Indices of Deprivation are the Government's official measure of multiple deprivation, published by the Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG). The most recent, the Index of Deprivation 2010, published March 2011, updates previous versions published in 2007, 2004 and 2000.
They attempt to measure a broad concept of 'multiple deprivation' using 38 indicators across 7 'domains' of deprivation. These domains are:
- Health and Disability
- Education, Skills and Training (includes two sub-domains Children and Young People and Skills)
- Barriers to Housing and Services (includes two sub-domains Geographical Barriers and Wider Barriers)
- Living Environment (includes two sub-domains Indoors and Outdoors)
They are then combined, using appropriate weights, to calculate an overall measure of 'multiple deprivation'. The results are published at local authority and Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) level. There are 187 LSOAs in Sandwell, each containing around 1,500 people. Each LSOA is given a score for each domain. This is then used to rank all 32,482 LSOAs in England, with the most deprived being ranked as 1. It is a relative measure , placing areas in a position relative to each other.
In addition, there are two indices relating specifically to children and older people:
- Index of Deprivation Affecting Children Indicator (IDACI)
- Index of Deprivation Affecting Older People (IDAOPI)
Click here to see further analysis of deprivation in Sandwell.