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Population Hub

Sandwell Trends Population Hub

Understanding population change in the Borough is vital for the planning and provision of local services. Population figures also underpin local government finance. The purpose of this 'Population Hub' is to provide an easily accessible resource on population information relating to Sandwell. It identifies the different sources of population information, the current demographic profile of the Borough, recent trends and projections, and the factors which are contributing to population change. 



Population: Key Trends in Sandwell


  • The  latest population estimate for Sandwell is 316,720 (ONS mid-year estimate for 2014) 

  •  After several decades of decline the population started to increase in 2002 

  • By 2011 the population had returned to the level it had been 30 years earlier in 1981

  • Between 2001 and 2014 the population is estimated to have increased by 32,100 (+11.3%).This is higher than the rate of increase for England (+9.8%)  

  • The increase in population can largely be attributed to significant increases in net international migration and in the number of births, along with a gradual fall in the number of deaths   

  • There have been particularly large increases in the number of children aged 0-9, young adults aged 25-29 and people aged 45-54 over the last decade

  • The population has become increasingly diverse, 34% are from ethnic backgrounds other than white British 

  • The latest official projections show a projected further increase of 26,800 between 2014 and 2024 in Sandwell and an increase of 61,300 between 2014 and 2039 (Office for National Statistics)   



Population Data and Sources

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  Population Estimates

Population Projections



Factors Affecting Population Figures

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Natural Change

- Births

- Deaths

Topic Areas

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Children & Young

Older People


Population Information Sources

The only full count of the population takes place every ten years at the time of the Census, the latest being in 2011. In between Censuses, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) produce annual 'estimates' of the population, using survey data and administrative registers to update the previous Census data. Once a new Census is carried out, these estimates are revised. The components of population change are births, deaths and migration. Although data on births and deaths is considered very reliable, data on migration is not and this is where much of the uncertainty lies in estimating population between Censuses. The Census also provides a wealth of more detailed information on social and economic characteristics of the population and is available for very small areas.  

A Census has been carried out every 10 years since 1801 (except for 1941) but the future of the Census is currently uncertain as Central Government look to reduce financial costs. The National Statistician (Chief Executive of the UK Statistics Authority) has recommended an online census in 2021 rather than a paper based form, combined with increasing use of adminstrative data and surveys to improve population estimates in between censuses. No decision has yet been made by Central Government.  

Research Sandwell - Local Intelligence and Consultation