2021 Census: Overview
A Census or population count has taken place once a decade in England and Wales since 1801 (except 1941) and is the only time every person and household is counted right across the UK. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is responsible for the census in England and Wales, and carried out the most recent in March 2021. The Census remains the largest single source of social statistics in England and Wales, and so release of the data will be in a number of stages.
The first set of data was released in June 2022, and for local authorities includes usually resident population by age and sex, the number of occupied households and population density. The second topic released on 2nd November covers demography and migration data, and includes household composition, country of birth and migration.
Further data will be released throughout autumn and winter 2022/23, based on key topics. The provisional dates of release by ONS are as follows:
Area profiles will also be released late in 2022, to allow users to view statistics from across different topics for a particular area and compare local statistics for an area against national statistics.
The 2021 Census estimates that Sandwell has 341,900 residents, a rise of 11.0% since 2011. This compares with a rise of 6.3% in England and Wales. The previous Census in 2011 saw a reverse of the declining population trend experienced since 1971. The latest Census sees the population of Sandwell growing to an even higher level than that in 1971.
There are now 130,200 households in Sandwell, compared to 121,500 in 2011 - a rise of 7.2%.
Sandwell’s population in terms of broad age bands is shown in this graph.
In terms of 5 year age-bands, the largest increases have been amongst those aged 55 to 59 (+34.2%) and 50 to 54 (+28.4%).
You can download the 2021 Sandwell & England data by age and gender here.
The pyramid shows the population structure of Sandwell in 2021, compared with England. As you can see, the population structure of Sandwell is much younger than England overall.
There are 130,246 households with residents in Sandwell, a rise of 7.2% since 2011. The average household size in Sandwell is 2.42, which slightly above the England & Wales average of 2.4.
In terms of household composition, in 2021, 38,042 households in Sandwell are made up of only one person.
62.1 % of households in Sandwell are deprived in at least one dimension or measure of household deprivation (compared with 51.7% in England & Wales); this number has decreased since 2011, when it was 69.5%.
Country of Birth & National Identity
In 2021, 84.6% of Sandwell usual residents identified with at least one UK national identity (English, Welsh, Scottish, Northern Irish, British, and Cornish); this compares with 90.3% in England & Wales.
Ethnic Group & Language
Where respondents selected they identified as one of the “other” ethnic groups within each broad category, they were able to write in their ethnicity. This has enabled ONS to produce a detailed ethnic group classification, providing insight for 287 ethnic groups.
In 2021, 83.6% (274, 710) of Sandwell usual residents, aged three years and over, had English as a main language, compared with 91.1% in England & Wales. The Sandwell figure is down from 88.0% in 2011.